Air Transportation Over The Years

The dream of creating a machine that flew has fascinated scholars for many years, all the way back to the Greek legend of Icarus and Daedalus. In this article we shall be looking at the history of air transportation and how it has developed throughout the years into a reality. Aviation history has had a huge impact on technology and what began as dreams in legends has now changed everything and become a reality. The term ‘aeroplane’ or ‘airplane’ is derived from the Greek word aeras (air) and plane, which mathematically means a flat surface.

Around 400BC Archytas an Ancient Greek philosopher, mathematician, astronomer and strategist was thought to have designed and built the first ever flying device. This was a bird shaped machine that supposedly flew 200 m, propelled by presumably steam. This machine was named ‘The Pigeon’ by its creator and may have been suspended on wire or a pivot for its flight.

Various attempts of flight have been recorded throughout the years and one of the earliest was made by Yuan Huangtou within the 6th century and again by Abbas lbn Firnas within the 9th century. The well-known artist Leonardo da Vinci researched air transportation and looked at the wing shape of birds for inspiration. He then designed a man-powered aircraft in his ‘Codex on the Flight of Birds’ in 1502.

In the 1630’s Lagari Hansan Celebi flew in a rocket artificially powered by gun powder, by the 18th century an aircraft lighter than air had been designed and flew in, the balloon, but the challenge on everyone’s minds was to be able to construct a craft that was capable of controlled flight. The first ever self-powered aircraft was created by an Englishman named John Stringfellow from Somerset who created a self-powered model aircraft that had its first successful flight in the year 1848.

Various people began designing and building machines that were capable of flight but it was in 1903 when the Wright Brothers made successful test flights that were recognised by the FAI, the record keeping body for aeronautics and astronautics. They recorded the Wright Brothers flight as the ‘first sustained and heavier-than-air powered flight’. By 1905 an aircraft named Wright Flyer III was capable of flying for certain periods.

Now technology regarding air transportation has come a long way, with people able to travel in flight to areas all over the world sometimes only hours at a time, recently a British adventurer Bear Grylls, paramotored over the Himalayas, higher than Mount Everest and reached a record height of 29,500 feet. This highlights just how our technology and understanding of flying has changed over the decades.

How To Train Bloodhounds For Search And Rescue!

Preparing Your Bloodhound For Training!!

Training a bloodhound is a bit different than training a regular dog. They are naturally clumsey animals that dont particularly make good for obedience training. They are very emotional animals that need to be tendered and cared for to get the best training results from them. They love to be loved on and cared for. This will help you tremendously when you begin your training them.

Training Bloodhounds To Search and Rescue!

Your very first day of training will consist of a rubber ball or golf ball which ever you choose to use. For the first couple of days you want to play pitch and fetch with him. This process is teaching him to retrieve things and getting him set in a pattern of doing this.
On your third day you will want to bring someone else in to use as a hide and seek player.
Let your partner come over so the bloodhound can scent him and then let your partner go hide just a little ways away and let the bloodhound go and find him. Continue performing this task for a couple of days each time moving the hiding technique a little further away until finally the search is being accomplished within a block or more.

Advanced Training Techniques for your Bloodhound!

Now that you have the bloodhound finding your partner on a regular basis within a block or so. Its now time to begin his real mission—Search and Seisure. This best place to perform this training is in a country setting. Take a piece of your partners clothing from home with you for this training. Let your partner get out of your vehicle and run about a half of mile into the woods and hide. Take the clothing you brought with you and let the bloodhound smell the scent and go with him to find your partner. Remember this is a game to the bloodhound so you want him to continue believing that. Each time he finds your partner give him a treat and a lot of love. This will encourage him to continue performing this task. After a very short period of time your bloodhound will be able to find your partner wherever he goes as long as there is a scent to be picked up by your bloodhound.

Instant Medical Transportation Services

In medical emergency or non emergency several means of transports are available to help save lives during emergency. Here are some types of medical transportation that include air ambulance service, non-emergency medical transport and private ambulance service companies and cabs.

Advanced Life Support Transport, also known as ALS care, is a unit that carries a certified paramedic. These units provide transport from the scene of an accident to the nearest emergency care facility. This type of medical transport is usually equipped with many different kinds of medical equipment for saving lives including heart monitors, heart paddles, IV units and ECG monitors.

Basic Life Support Transport, also known as BLS, carries a certified Emergency Medical Technician on board. This is the type of medical transport service that provides non emergency transport. The patient is monitored by many different types of advanced medical equipment on the way to their next destination to make sure that the patient gets there in good shape.

Critical Care Transport, also known as CCT, has a certified registered nurse or a paramedic (or both) on board depending on the severity of the medical condition of the patient. The patient in this case might have multiple IV drips, ventilators, balloon pumps and other devices attached to their body to keep them alive.

Neonatal Intensive Care Transport, also known as NIC, transports the medical team from the health care facility to the patients location and provides specialized equipment such as incubators and clinical assistance.

Pediatric Team Ambulance Transport, also known as PTA, transports the medical team from the health care facility to the scene of a birth to provide specialized equipment such as incubators and clinical assistance. This type of pediatric medical transportation can be provided by ground, air or even boat. There are facilities on board to take care of the birth of child in case it happens in the ambulance during the transport to the hospital.

Wheelchair or Stretcher Van Services are special ambulance company that allow for the transportation of mobility-impaired individuals. These can be quite large and highly specialized transportation units as some of these patients are too heavy to be supported by the structure of a regular ambulance or medical van.

Cabs: In effort of providing the safest and fast service the cab drivers are trained by instructors and are certified in CPR. An American Heart Association instructor trained and certified all Lexington taxi services drivers in CPR and appropriate response in emergency situations. The course included adult and infant CPR, use of automated external defibrillation with CPR, and foreign body airway obstruction. The non emergency patients are also travelling in cabs and the cab drivers are prepared for every emergency situation. These cabs are easily available.

The Top 10 Model Train Shops In Virginia And West Virginia

For the past year I’ve been compiling a list of model train stores for my model railroading website. These shops all look like a lot of fun to visit, but what are the most popular? Here is a list for the states of Virginia and West Virginia.

The most popular model railroading shops (based on online chatter) in Virginia and West Virginia are:

10. Rick’s Hobby Shop in Roanoke, Virginia

9. Chesterfield Hobbies in Midlothian, Virginia

8. Riders Hobby Shop in Sterling, Virginia

7. Whistle Stop Hobbies in Alexandria, Virginia

6. Trains Etc. in Lorton, Virginia

5. Engine House Trains in Virginia Beach, Virginia

4. Main Street Trains in Barboursville, West Virginia

3. KMA Junction in Manassas, Virginia

2. Piper Hobby in Chantilly, Virginia

…and the most popular shop for model trains in Virginia and West Virginia is…

1. Locust Grove Trains in Locust Grove, Virginia

Hobby shops not quite making my top 10 were Awesome RC and Hobbies in Fredericksburg, Virginia; Craftech Hobby Shop in Norfolk, Virginia; Davis Hobby Supplies in Portsmouth, Virginia; Debbies RC World in Chesapeake, Virginia; Dunn’s Toy and Hobby in Manassas, Virginia; Hobby Works in Fairfax, Virginia; Leesburg Hobbies and Collectibles in Leesburg, Virginia; Rail Yard Hobby Shop in Roanoke, Virginia; Staunton Trains and Hobbies in Staunton, Virginia; Train Depot in Manassas, Virginia; Train Town Toy and Hobby in Ashland, Virginia; Walt’s Hobby Shop in Petersburg, Virginia; Cain’s Trains and Hobbies in Bunker Hill, West Virginia; Fountain Hobby Center in Charleston, West Virginia; Kid Country Toys in Charleston, West Virginia; Nitro Hobby and Craft Center in Nitro, West Virginia; Patrick’s Trains in Wheeling, West Virginia; Stephens Outdoor Railways in Vienna, West Virginia; and West Virginia Hobbies and Crafts in Teays, West Virginia.

So, there are lots of great model railroading shops from all over Virginia and West Virginia, but clearly Virginia dominated the list with nine in the top ten. This isn’t too surprising as Virginia is a bigger state with a bigger population and more hobby shops than West Virginia.

When in Virginia and West Virginia be sure to visit some of the excellent railroading museums including Eastern Shore Railway Museum in Parksley, Virginia; Fairfax Station Museum Railroad Museum in Fairfax Station, Virginia; Virginia Museum of Transportation in Roanoke, Virginia; Princeton Railroad Museum in Princeton, West Virginia; West Virginia Railroad Museum in Elkins, West Virginia; and Williamson Area Railroad Museum in Williamson, West Virginia.

I compiled this list by searching for the hobby shops listed on a number of search engines and ranking them by the number of web pages, discussion forums, photos, videos, etc that are available online. I further screened this list to include only pages that mentioned model railroading.

Guide To Flexible Track For Lionel Model Trains

What is flexible track? It is the most common form of track used with model trains railways today. Flexible track can be used with Lionel trains and just about every other brand because it is made by the majority of model trains manufacturers. Most flexible track pieces are three feet long and are indeed flexible, yet still fairly rigid. If you bend them one way to begin with, that is the shape that they will pretty much stay in from that point on.

The Super-Flex, however, from Atlas, works in a somewhat different way – you can bend it in to pretty much any shape you like, but it always spring back; this is due to the fact that the Super-Flex has both one floating rail and one fixed rail. Which style you prefer is entirely based on personal taste, though both have their advantages and disadvantages.

There are four advantages to having some form of flexible track for Lionel trains or any other brands of model trains to run on.

First, there are fewer joints in any given run of track. With just one three foot section of flexible track, you instantly cut out the need for four nine inch pieces of sectional track, thus giving you far fewer connections and a lot less potential for any problems on the track.

Second, you can curve flex track into any particular radius you want. It can also be shaped into a much easier kind of curve for your trains to run on than would otherwise be the case. The curves can also be shaped into the kind of curves you require to fit the area, rather than be stuck with a fixed shape that might not work for the space you have available.

Third, flexible track pieces can be cut to any length you require. This helps make your layout work because it can be adjusted to fit into whatever space is available.

Fourth, when trying to find the best layout for your track, it is helpful to mark the lines you want the track pieces to follow before nailing them down. With normal track this can be very challenging to get it right. However, with flexible track it is easy because you can use pieces of flex track as a template to draw around and mark the track locations. There are some tools available to buy that have been specifically designed for this purpose, but you may find they are not entirely necessary – a yardstick, pencil and a few extra track lengths can do the job just as well and cost less.

The advantages of flexible track are clear and unequivocal. All things considered, flexible track for your model trains to run on is unquestionably the way to go.

How to Train Kids’ Sensory Capacities

People gain experience through various perception of things through sensory organs. Our Intelligence relies on our experience. Therefore, sensory training of children is an important means to help them have a better access to the life and work experience, and gain more wisdom. Perception is the basic tool for baby to understand the world. it is through seeing, hearing, touch and other activity that children can understand the color, shape, size and other characteristics of objects, and all these activities lay the foundation of other advanced activities such as, observation, memory and thought. Therefore, a good training on baby’s sensory capacity is crucial on baby’s development.

As for baby who are only zero to three month, this is a period that their vision will rapidly develop. Therefore, it is very important to train baby’s vision during this period. It is said that children can focus their mind on objects for 20cm distant, and so you can create 10cm color card to move slowly in his focal point, direct the development of vision of baby.

Baby who are of three to six month: baby’s vision and hearing development has already completed, so in this period, parents should focus on the training of children’s observation. So, parents can guide baby to observe things around them thus to enhance the coordination of their eyes and ears.

Baby of six to twelve month: It is the sensitive period to understand the difference between the details of things. Thus, parents need to cultivate children’s attention to the difference of things. You can provide different types of toys, and let baby to distinguish the difference of the size, color, sound, hardness and softness of the toys, to develop baby’s vision, hearing, smell, taste, touch and other major sensory capabilities.

Baby of twelve to thirty-six month: this is the period to explore baby’s interest, and also to precisely exercise their capacity of the five senses, so you can provide detailed sensory exercises for children from simple to complex, such as the production line color cards, let them to distinguish the different colors.

All the methods mentioned above can be some simple way to train baby’s sensory capacity. As for parents, if it permits you can also create your own way to train your baby. .

In our magic Discount Pandora Jewelry store, we offer large collection of discount Pandora beads, Pandora bracelets in different style. Browse them online, you must be attracted; wear them on your body, you must be the personal one.

Russia Rail-explore The World’s Largest Country By Train

The Russian rail structure is one of the biggest in the world and trains pass almost every city and town in Russia. Russian rail is a easy, safe and cheap way to explore Russia. As matter of fact, it is more interesting, safer and cheaper to use Russian trains than internal flights.Traveling in train between cities, in Russia, is one of the great experiences in Russia. There are three primary classifications of long-distances trains in Russia, which follows.
oFirmeny–high-quality trains having recent carriages, usually with a name like “Rossiva” or “Krasnaya Strela”. These trains have good on-board service and are generally air-conditioned. Even if the charge is a little more than other trains these are most chosen trains to go for. Generally, these trains have a restaurant car serving drinks, meals and snacks at bearable price.
oSkory-traveling in this train is low cost than Firmeny train. These are express train having 2-berth and 4-berth sleepers and many have restaurant cars.
oPassazhirsky-these are comparatively slow and ordinary passenger train normally using older carriages. These trains are four berth sleepers.

The Moscow-St. Petersburg railway is a 403.7 miles extended railway running between Moscow and St. Petersburg. At present, the highest speed on the Moscow-St. Petersburg rail route is 125 miles per hour. A super speed train leaving Moscow will take 4.5 hours to arrive at St. Petersburg. Moscow metro serves eight stations only. The most acknowledged route in Russia is Moscow-St. Petersburg route. Earlier, the comfortable sleepers’ trains in this route used to commence at night, but now-a days, high-speed daytime trains are also making their appearance.”Krasnya Strela” is one of the finest and most historic overnight Russian rails for Moscow-St. Petersburg. This is leading Russian rail since Soviet times and departs Moscow and St. Petersburg at 23:55, arriving approximately at 08:25, next day in the morning. It has a better quality 2-berth and 4-berth sleepers and additionally an plush plush sleeping car compartment.

Some information about Russian rails.
oTrain timings are subject to modify, so always verify at stations, in person.
oArrive at your station at least 15 minutes prior to departure.
oAt all times stay with your luggage at stops. Do not leave your luggage on the train if you are outside of the car.
oRelaxing in Russian trains happens all the time. Just keep in mind to use your baggage as your pillow and lock the zippers towards your body.
oThe option of losing your baggage is less if you are watching or holding it, but the chances of losing things out of the luggage is more in train stations. So, lock your cash and valuable articles in a safe corner of the baggage.

Options for Senior Citizen Transportation

There are many options for senior citizens who need to get around and are not able. A lot of senior citizens do not drive once they hit a certain age for many reasons. It could be lack of vision, medical problems, or just fear. Every senior citizen goes through his stage, if your senior is unable to drive and you dont have the time; Palo Alto home care its here to help!

Some cities have public transportation. This may involve a bus that picks one up at certain scheduled locations. This is often a cheap option costing the person very little out of pocket. There may even be a specific senior shuttle that picks up seniors at their home. Most major cities have these and even some smaller ones as well. A lot of churches also provide a service of transporting senior citizens to their appointments and to run errands. The church will provide this service for free most of the time. If you prefer your senior to drive a public transportation for healthy or safety reasons Palo Alto elder care will accompanied your elder.

Another option is to rely on family members and friends. Most people have kids and grandkids that are able to help out with shopping and chauffeuring when they are available. If a senior citizen and a family member can work out their schedules to coincide with both needs this works out to be a great option. One could also pay a teen or college student who is looking for a little extra money to drive them around. This can be beneficial to both parties.

Motorized wheelchairs have come a long way in recent years. If one lives near stores they can get around by a motorized wheelchair. This gives the senior citizen more independence as they do not have to rely on others as much. The wheelchairs are easy to maintain and control and are best used in areas with sidewalks.

Senior citizens do not have to be stuck in their homes all the time. They are able to get out and do normal things even if they do not drive. There are so many more options now as the senior community tends to grow. Family, friends, community services, and motorized wheelchairs are all options for a person to get around and gain some independence as they perform routine errands. When it all fails, and you want your senior parent close to you at home, but can provide the driving Palo Alto in home care, will provide it for you.

The Top 10 Model Train Shops in Illinois

For the past year I’ve been compiling a list of model train stores for my model railroading website. These shops all look like fantastic places to visit, but what are the most popular? Here is a list for the great state of Illinois.

The most popular model railroading shops (based on online chatter) in the state of Illinois are:

10. Ace Hobby Place in Chicago

9. Hammers Hobbies in Springfield

8. Woodstock Hobbies in Woodstock

7. B and G Train World in Elgin

6. Denny’s Trains and Things in Oswego

5. America’s Best Train Toy and Hobby Shop in Itasca

4. Prospect Bikes and Trains in Mount Prospect

3. Spring Hill Northern Train Supply in Richmond

2. Chicagoland Hobby in Chicago

…and the most popular shop for model trains in Illinois is…

1. First Hobby in Decatur

Hobby shops not quite making my top 10 were Al’s Hobby Shop in Elmhurst, Atomic Toy Company in Galena, Berywn’s Toy Trains and Models in Berwyn, Choo Choo Connection in Schaumburg, Des Plaines Hobbies in Des Plaines, Ed’s Hobby Warehouse in Palos Hills, Golden Spike Train Shop in Burbank, Grayslake Hobby World in Grayslake, Hands To Work Railroading in Alsip, Hauff Hobbies and Train Repair in Glenview, Hill’s Hobby & Collectors’ Shop in Buffalo Grove, Hobbies R 4 U in Bradley, Hobby City in Berwyn, K-10’s Model Trains in Maryville, LaGrange Hobby Center in La Grange, Leisure Hours Hobbies in Joliet, Mike’s Scale Rails in Peoria, Oakridge Hobbies and Toys in Downers Grove, Past-Time Hobbies in Brookfield, Pat’s Hobbies Oak Lawn, Pizza Express LGB Train Shop in Carterville, Rossville Depot Railroad Museum in Rossville, Royal Hobby Shop in Rockford, Sweetname Hardware and Model Train in Peoria, Thunder Road Hobbies in Moline, Tom Thumb Hobby and Crafts in Evanston, Trains and Toys of Yesterday in in Morton Grove, Venture Hobbies Wheeling, Wabash Junction in Springfield, and Walt’s Hobby Shop in Joliet.

Also in Illinois be sure to visit some of the great railroading museums including Chatham Railroad Museum in Chatham, Chicago Great Western Railway Depot Museum in Elizabeth, Illinois Railway Museum in Union, Kankakee Railroad Museum in Kankakee, Monticello Railway Museum in Monticello, Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, and Union Depot Railroad Museum in Mendota.

I compiled this list by searching for the hobby shops listed on a number of search engines and ranking them by the number of web pages, discussion forums, photos, videos, etc that are available online. I further screened this list to include only pages that mentioned model railroading.

Check out my complete list of Model Train Shops in Illinois at www.ModelTrainsWithLarry.com which has complete contact information for each shop including an address, phone number, and map to the store.